Germany Basic Facts
The Federal Republic of Germany is located in Western and Central Europe; it is the most populous state and has the largest economy in the European Union. It comprises 16 states and its capital is Berlin, the largest city in the country. It is one of the major political powers of the European continent and is a leader in many technological advances.
- Population: 82,057,000
- Size: 357,021 km²
- Adjacent countries:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
Germany is located in the centre of Europe. It forms a bridge between maritime West of Europe and the continental East, between the warmer South and the cool North. Germany is a triad of mountain ranges, uplands and low-land plains – the Bavarian Alps in the South, the pleasant wooded mountains of the Mittelgebirge in the centre of the country and the low country along the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts in the North.
- Highest point:
Zugspitze (2,962 m) - 31% of the country is covered with forests.
- Coastal line: 2,389 km
Germany’s climate is temperate. The average temperatures are around 20-30°C in the summer (June/July – August/September) dropping around 0°C in the winter months (November/December – February/March)
- Life expectancy:
77 years (Men - 73 years; Women - 80 years)
- System of government:
The Federal Republic of Germany is a democracy with a liberal free-market economy, freedom of religion and freedom of the press. Germany is a member of the European Union (EU).
Berlin (3.47 million inhabitants)
- States in the Federal Republic:
16 - Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia
- Railway system: 43,966 km
- Freeways and roads: 633,000 km
- Cycle tracks: 40,000 km
- Federal and national water ways: 10,000 km
- Sea water routes: 23,000 km²
- Time zone:
In Germany, clocks are set to Central European time. From the end of March to the end of October (summertime) they are put forward one hour.
- Electicity: The voltage is 230V.